How to grow your own garlic

Garlic should be planted from November to December

Garlic should be planted from November to December - Credit: Photo: Thinkstock/PA

If you’re finding that shop-bought garlic doesn’t have the intense flavour you require, then it’s time to start growing your own, which will give you more choice and more flavour.

Here’s what you need to know...

Which type of garlic do you choose?

There are hardneck and softneck varieties. Softneck are the ones which supermarkets tend to stock, which have firm bulbs, lots of cloves and store well. Hardneck bulbs don’t store as well - but it’s often said they have better flavour. Elephant garlic, which produces huge underground ‘heads’ up to 10cm (4in) across made up of a few massive cloves, is actually not a true garlic. It is in fact related to the leek, and its cloves are mild and sweet.

When do you plant garlic?

Do it from November to December, as garlic needs a period of cold to establish healthy bulbs which will be ripe for harvesting next summer. You can also plant in February or March, but garlic planted in the cooler months usually has larger heads as it has a longer growing season. The earlier you start, the better the choice of variety.

Where do you plant?

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You’ll need a weed-free, sunny spot and well-drained soil with added organic matter, such as compost. Make a drill around 2.5cm deep, split your bulb into cloves for planting and plant each clove, pointed tip upwards, so it’s just below the surface, 15cm (6in) apart in each direction.

Is garlic low-maintenance?

Garlic doesn’t require much work. It will need watering in dry spells and you’ll have to push back any cloves that the birds have pulled up. But other than that, it’s light work, really.

When do you harvest garlic?

As soon as reasonable-sized heads have formed, but the plants are still green and leafy, you can start harvesting, which is from June onwards. Only pull what you need as it won’t keep for long after lifting.

The foliage of the plants left in the ground will gradually turn yellow, then brown. When it’s turned brown, dig up the remaining plants and let the bulbs dry off in the sun before storing in a cool, dry place under cover.